Leading Japanese automobile manufacturer, Toyota has recently revealed additional information related to one of its key projects, the 2015 Toyota FCV-R hydrogen fuel cell production automobile. The carmaker is of the opinion that Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicles deliver an eco-friendly solution to the modern-day challenges of emissions and limited energy resources. Hydrogen is a clean and an ideal fuel for such hybrid vehicles. Toyota announced that the production of the hybrid vehicles using Hydrogen fuel cells had already begun. Toyota also announced that the hybrid vehicle production was proceeding on the right path and that further details about the car’s production will be explained at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.
At this automobile event, Toyota will be exhibiting the complete roadmap of how it will develop a feasible fuel cell automobile. It will also demonstrate how much success the carmaker has achieved in attaining its objective to establish a driving performance and range that would be paralleled to the standard diesel and petrol engines, but without any dangerous emissions emanating from the tailpipe.
The popular Hybrid Synergy Drive technology has been applied by Toyota in some of its earlier cars. The hybrid power system is also seen in the Toyota Prius and similar full hybrid production car models. The Hybrid Synergy Drive technology is in FCHV development stage. It will be substituting the conventional petrol engine with an eco-friendly fuel cell, while the emission generating fuel tank will be replaced by a high-pressure hydrogen tank. The FCHV employs the same electrical parts to create the full hybrid powertrain along with a 21kW battery for stocking up energy which is tapped by the regenerative braking system.
The FCV-R concept was first exhibited by Toyota at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show. Since then, Toyota has been making steady progress in the direction of its planned launch of a marketable FCHV saloon car in the USA, Japan and Europe by the year 2015. Work on the production model of the hybrid saloon has been mainly focused on the considerable cost decline, reliability, durability and enhancements in overall CO2 emissions.
The 2015 Toyota FCV-R Hydrogen Fuel Cell concept designed by Toyota measures 4,745mm in length and is around 35mm longer compared to the Avensis saloon model. The FCV-R concept is around 1,790mm wide and1, 510mm high. The concept has been tested by the carmaker in adherence to the official Japanese JC08 criteria.
During the testing, the concept attained a peak driving range of around 675 km and releasing no CO2 emissions as well as not producing NO2 or any other harmful particulate substance emissions. By driving the concept powered by hydrogen fuel cell, water vapor is the only by-product. Toyota has been successful to reduce the size of the fuel cell stack by clocking maximum fuel cell power density so far- 3.0 Kw per litre.
The fuel cell stack and the dual fuel tanks are placed under the vehicle floor. This implies that the load space and the cabin are not affected in any way. Toyota has predicted that the FCHV will be achieving commercialization on a mass-market basis by the 2020s. By the 2020s, Toyota expects to sell tens of thousands of hybrid cars on an annual basis.